AsiaTEFL Logo
AsiaTEFL MENU
Indexed in SCOPUS
About AsiaTEFL
Notice
2022 Conference
Conference
Webinars
AsiaTEFL Book Series
AsiaTEFL Links
Gallery
The Journal of AsiaTEFL
Information of the Journal
Submission Guidelines
Ethical Guidelines
Manuscript Submission
Editorial Board
Past Issues
Journal Order
Membership
Contact Us
My Page
Past Issues
Go List

Volume 14 Number 3, Autumn 2017, Pages 380-586   


 http://dx.doi.org/10.18823/asiatefl.2017.14.3.4.430 PDF Download
   

Improving Grammatical Accuracy in Thai Learners' Writing: Comparing Direct and Indirect Written Corrective Feedback

    Kok Eng Tan & Apinya Manochphinyo


Written corrective feedback (WCF) is widely used to point students to the grammatical errors in their written work and help reduce them. This paper reports a quasi-experimental study that compared the effectiveness of direct and indirect teacher WCF in a Thai context. One hundred and twenty Thai students at two public universities in southern Thailand were assigned to write argumentative essays within a treatment period; each treatment had 60 students. The feedback was given by four ESL/EFL lecturers at the two universities. Grammatical aspects focused on were tenses, subject-verb agreement, articles, singular/plural nouns, prepositions and adjectives/adverbs. Means for the number of errors were obtained at three points, namely, pretest, immediate posttest and delayed posttest. The findings revealed that time and WCF type as main effects showed differentiated results on all six grammatical aspects. Interaction effects between time and WCF were found for tenses and subject-verb agreement. For between-subjects effects, indirect WCF was more effective than direct WCF. For within-subjects effects, generally the differences in the mean values were significant between pretest and delayed posttest, but not between pretest and immediate posttest. These findings have implications for writing instruction and research in an ESL/EFL tertiary context.

Keywords: direct and indirect written corrective feedback, EFL, grammatical errors, writing instruction



JACET
KAFLE
KOTESOL
MELTA
ThaiTESOL
HAAL
TEFLIN
단체명 : Asia TEFL (아시아영어 교육학회)
고유번호 : 605-82-77130
소재지 : 서울시 서대문구 이화여대길 52, 4층 414호
대표자 : 전지현
고객센터 : canteras@naver.com 043-230-3543 (09:00~18:00)